【Broaches】Case sharing-ankle sprain and contusion (commonly known as Nao Chai)
The ancients called the soft tissues near the joints tendons, which actually included the muscles, tendons, fascia, joint capsules, ligaments, etc. around the bones. Ankle sprains and contusions belong to the category of “muscle injuries” in Chinese medicine. Tendon injuries caused by various violent or chronic strains are collectively referred to as tendon injuries.
Traditional Chinese medicine believes that physical injuries can lead to abnormal circulation of Qi and blood, stagnation of Qi and blood. There are records of “arthralgia”, “bone pain”, “foot pain” and so on.
If the treatment of acute joint sprain is delayed for a long time, blood stasis and coagulation, local tissue hypertrophy, adhesion, stagnation of blood and blood in the wound, and poor blood tendons will result in muscle contracture, pain, and limited joint movement. Wind, cold and dampness are also easy to take advantage of the deficiency, resulting in wind, cold and dampness arthralgia, causing joint soreness and poor mobility, which will not heal over time.
Ankle sprains and contusions occur mainly because of trauma. When abnormal external forces exceed the strength that human ligaments can withstand, injuries will result, including: sports injuries, walking and falling, stepping on stairs up and down, impacts, and height Falling and so on.
TCM treatment of ankle sprain and contusion
Treatment is to promote blood circulation to remove blood stasis, promote qi and dredge collaterals, reduce swelling and relieve pain. In the acute stage, it is advisable to promote blood circulation to remove blood stasis, reduce swelling and relieve pain; in the chronic stage, it is advisable to regulate tendons and dredge collaterals to smooth joints.
Traditional Chinese medicine treats sprained ankle joints. In the acute phase, external application of Chinese medicine can be used to clear heat, promote blood circulation, reduce swelling and relieve pain, plus elastic bandages. For chronic treatment, acupuncture and moxibustion, Chinese medicine fumigation, massage, osteopathy, external application of ointment and internal medicine can be used.
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